The Federative Republic of Brazil is continental South America's largest country having borders with every other South American nation except Chile and Ecuador. Those countries bordering Brazil are Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
Brazil's land area of over 8.5 million square kilometres (3.3 million square miles) makes it the fifth largest nation in the world after Russia, Canada, China and the United States of America.
Brasilia is the capital city and the seat of Federal Government and is situated at an average altitude of 1,100 metres (3,500 feet) above sea level and about 1,100 Km (680 miles) from Brazil's best known city, Rio de Janeiro, on the coast. Other major cities include Manaus, Recife, Santos and Sao Paulo.
Brazil has the sixth largest population in the world--about 148 million people--which has doubled in the past 30 years. detail »